Multicitizenship for Mobility. A Demographic Approach to the Latin-American-born Spanish Citizens’ Potential for International Migration

Victoria Prieto and Andreu Domingo

Monday, March 7th 2016
10:45-12:45 Panel 1: The Global Geography of Multiple Citizenship


According to the Spanish Population Register, 905,141 Latin-American-born Spanish citizens were residing at birthplace by the end of 2014. In most of the cases, these ‘multizens’ hold a passport that allows them to migrate to any European Union destination or simplifies their migration pathway to the United States. To these potential migrants residing abroad, we should add the 1,082,885 Spanish citizens born in Latin America, who on the same year lived in Spain and the 68,030 that lived in a third country. This means that more than 2 million Latin Americans are European citizens that may migrate from their birthplace, from Spain or a third country, in any direction.
This paper describes the recent trends in the stock and mobility of two of these groups of Latin-American-born Spanish citizens. It also assesses their migration potential from Latin America and from Spain to the horizon 2050, taking as a base population the United Nations demographic projection. For the analysis of migration intensities, we estimated migration rates based on the Spanish Current Population Register, the Spanish Population Register for Residents Abroad, and the Residential Variation Statistics.

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